Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Biological Sciences, North Tehran Branch Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

5 Department of Urology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran


Prostate cancer is the second most prevalent malignancy in men and the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. It is the second most common urinary tract cancer among Iranian men. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between rs10090154, located on the 8q24 locus, and rs1691053 on chromosome 5p15.31, with prostate adenocarcinoma and PSA levels. This study also aimed to identify the potential of these genetic markers as screening factors. This case-control study included 79 patients with prostate adenocarcinoma aged between 48 to 86 years, as well as 98 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia aged between 47 to 81 years. The Tetra-primer ARMS-PCR method was applied to determine the genotype of each participant. In this study, no significant differences in genotypic distribution between the prostate adenocarcinoma and control groups were discovered for rs10090154 (P-value = 0.608) and rs1691053 (P-value = 0.102) polymorphisms. Moreover, for the study of the additive genetics model of the rs10090154 polymorphism, with the TT genotype as the reference, the CC genotype with P-value = 1 and OR {95%CI} = 0.750, {0.039-14.576} and CT genotype with P-value = 0.324 and OR {95%CI} = 0.577, {0.191-1.739}, were not associated. Correspondingly, for rs1691053, with the CC genotype as the reference, the CT genotype with P-value = 0.176 and OR {95%CI}= 0.196, {0.022-1.793}, and the TT genotype with P-value= 0.464, OR{95%CI}= 0.125, {0.005-3.225}, were not associated. These findings suggest that rs10090154 and rs1691053 may not be associated with prostate cancer among Iranians. However, further research with larger sample sizes and investigation of various Iranian subpopulations are needed to confirm these results.


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