Silver nanoparticles are widely used in manufacturing of different products considering their unique physical and chemical properties. Also they have been noticed in medical diagnosis and treatment because of their antibacterial properties. Physical and chemical methods of producing nanoparticles, are expensive and are not safe enough as toxic substances may remain in the final preparations. To solve this problem, biological production of nanoparticles is considered as an efficient alternative method. In present study, synthesis of silver nanoparticles via seeds, petals, roots, and hairy root extracts of Calendula officinalis were performed. These nanoparticles were characterized by means of spectrophotometer, particle size analyzer and transmission electron microscope. Nanoparticles which were synthesized by hairy root extract showed the highest absorption at 430 nm (1/6 a.u) and the smallest size (5/3 nm), in comparison to other examined particles. Results confirmed the better performance of hairy root extracts in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles.
Calendula officinalis, Marigold, Hairy roots, Silver nanoparticles
Bar H., Bhui DK., Sahoo G., Sarkar P. and Misra A. (2009) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using latex of Jatropha curcas. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 339: 134-139.
Bhainsa K.C. and Souza S.F.D. (2006) Extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 47(2):160-164.
Chandran S.P., Chaudhary M., Pasricha R., Ahmad A.and Sastry M. (2006) Synthesis of goldnanotriangles and silver nanoparticles using AloeVera plant extract. Biotechnology Progress 22:577–583.
Chidambaram K., Saritha R., Maheswari. and Syedmuzammil M. (2014) Efficacy of green synthesis of Silver nanoparticles using flowers of Calendula Officinalis. Chemical Science Transactions 3(2): 773-777.
Darroudi M., Bin Ahmad M, Abdullah M. and Ibrahim N. (2011) Green synthesis and characterization Gelatin-based and suger-redused silver nanoparticles. International Journal of Nanomedicine 1(6): 569-574.
David L. and Moldovan B. (2020) Green Synthesis of Biogenic Silver Nanoparticles for Efficient Catalytic Removal of Harmful Organic Dyes. Nanomaterials 10(2): 202-217.
Devina Merin D., Prakash S. and Valentine Bhimba B.(2010) Antibacterial screening of silvernanoparticles synthesized by marine micro algae.Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine3(10):797-799.
Gericke M. and Pinches A. (2006) Biological synthesis of metal nanoparticles. Hydrometallurgy 83:132-136.
Ghaffari-Moghaddam M. and Hadi-Dabanlou R. (2014) Plant mediated green synthesis and antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles using Crataegus douglasii fruit extract. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 20(2):739-744.
Gnana Jobitha G., Annadurai G. and Kannan Ch. (2012) Green synthesis of nanoparticle usingElettaria Cardamom and assessment of its antimicrobial activity. International Journal of PharmaScience and research 3: 323-330.
Hu M. and Easterly C. (2009) A novel them al electero chemical synthesis method for production of stable colloids of “naked” metal (Ag) nanocrystals. Materials Science and Engineering 29:726-736.
Leela A. and Vivekanandan M. (2007) Tapping the unexploited plant resources for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. African Journal of Biotechnology 7: 3162-3165.
Marchiol L. (2012) Synthesis of Metal nanoparticles in living plants. Italian Journal of Agronomy 7(3): 122-128.
Marchiol L., Mattiello A., Poscic F., Giordano C. and Musetti R. (2014) In vivo synthesis of nanomaterials in plants: location of silver nanoparticles and plant metabolism. Nanoscale Research Letters 9: 101-112.
Mukunthan KS., Elumalai EK., Trupti N Patel. and V Ramachandra Murty. (2011) Catharanthus roseus: a natural source for the synthesis of silver nanoparticle. Asian Pacific of Tropical Biomedicine 270-274.
Naveen K.S., Kumar G., L K. and Rao K.V B. (2010) Extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the filamentous fungus Penicillium sp. Archives of Applied Science Research 2(6): 161-167.
Padalia H., Moteriya P. and Chanda S. (2015) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from marigold flower and its synergistic antimicrobial potential. Arabian Journal of Chemistry 8:732-741.
Rodino S., Butu M. and Butu A. (2019) Application of biogenic silver nanoparticles for berries preservation. Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures 14:601-606.
Shafaghat A. (2014) Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles by photosynthesis method and their biological activity. Synthesis and reactivity in inorganic Metal-Organic and Nano-Metal Chemistry 45:381-387.
Shankar A., Ahmad R., Pasricha R. and Murali S. (2003) Bio reduction of chloroaurate ions by geranium leaves and its endophytic fungus yields gold nanoparticles of different shapes. Journal of Materials Chemistry 13:1822-1826.
Shankar S., Rai A., Ahmad A. and Sastry M. (2004) Rapid synthesis of Au,Ag and bimetallic Au core-Agshell nanoparticle using Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf broth. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 275(2):496-502.
Shankar S., Rai A., Ankamwar B., Singh A., Ahmad A.and Sastry M. (2004) Biological synthesis oftriangular gold nanoprisms. Nature Materials 3(7):482-488.
Thangaraju N., Venkatalakshmi R.P. and Chinnasamy A. (2012) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles and the antibacterial anticancer activities of the crude extract of Sargassum polycystum C. Agardh. Nano Biomedical Engineering 4(2): 89-94.
Zargar M., Abdul Hamid A., Abu Bakar F., Nor Shamsudin M., Shameli K., Jahanshiri F and Farahani F. (2011) Green synthesis and antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles using Vitex negundo L. Journal of Molecules 16: 6667-6676.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.The AUTHOR hereby authorizes the Journal to use the submitted article for publication, after editorial and reviewing processing. The AUTHOR warrants that the manuscript is the AUTHOR's original work, and authorization of its publication does not violate anyone's rights. The manuscript has not been sent or will not be sent in the future for publication in another Journal. The AUTHOR also warrants that the article contains no libelous or unlawful statements. If the above mentioned work was prepared jointly, the AUTHOR agrees to inform all coauthors of the terms of this agreement and to sign on their behalf.