Open Journals System
Issue Information: Vol. 2, No. 2

Article Title: In vitro selection for NaCl tolerance in Thymus vulgaris L.

pages: 86-92

DOI: 10.22067/jcmr.v2i2.10763

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) is an aromatic and medicinal plant which is very important for the herbal
industry. In this research, in vitro selection for NaCl tolerance was investigated in this plant. Hypocotyl and
shoot explants (apical meristem and cotyledonary leaves) of sterilized seedlings were cultured in MS medium
supplemented with different combinations of 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D), napthaleneacetic acid
(NAA), kinetin (KIN) and N6-benzyladenine (BA) for callus induction. Results showed that the maximum
frequency of callus induction was obtained on MS medium containing 1:0.5 ratio of 2, 4-D:Kin (mgl-1), while
optimal callus induction with the best quality and regeneration potential was achieved in 1:1 ratio of NAA:BA
(mgl-1). The calli grown in 1:1 ratio of NAA:BA (mgl-1) were transferred to NaCl supplemented medium at 50,
75 and 100 mM concentrations. Fresh and dry weights, percentage of necrosis and regeneration of calli were
determined after 4 weeks. There were significant differences between fresh and dry weights of calli in different
concentrations of NaCl. The highest and the lowest of fresh and dry weights of calli from hypocotyl explants
were observed in 0 (control) and 100 mM NaCl concentrations, respectively. But fresh weight of shoot-derived
calli induced from shoots reduced only in 100 mM NaCl and the dry weight of them was not significantly
different. The necrosis percentage increased by increasing the salt concentration. Callus regeneration just
occurred at the concentration of 50 mM of NaCl and all regenerated shoots well rooted on half strength MS
medium, with 0.8% (w/v) sucrose and without growth regulators.

key words:   Callus; Salinity; In vitro selection; Thymus vulgaris L.

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